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#46
Rafal

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How about San Marino? Founded in 301 AD and apparently unconquered until this day. Axis forces did cross its borders in WW2, but that was when they were on the retreat...


Is there any nation "San Marinians" ?

Or they are just Italians ?

R.

#47
Hans van der Maarel

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Is there any nation "San Marinians" ?
Or they are just Italians ?


Well... "Italian" is a very recent (1860s) concept anyway, and San Marino was an independent nation way before that.
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#48
geomancer

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It's true the Ottoman Empire conquered most of coastal Arabia, but did they (or the Persians, or anyone before them) conquer central Arabia, where the tribe of Saud was based? If the Saudis were never conquered, and then they established a united Saudi Arabia, does this count?

The case for Turkey is that, while the territory of Asia Minor/Anatolia has changed hands many times, the Turks were the last to conquer it, and they themselves had never been a subject people before arriving in Asia Minor, nor have they been conquered since.

Sweden should probably be eliminated because of the Kalmar Union.

Russia was conquered by the Mongols (or rather the Golden Horde, a blend of Mongol and Turkic peoples). One could argue that the Russians of Novgorod remained free during this time, but Novgorod was subsequently defeated by Ivan the Great and annexed to Moscow in 1478.

Nepal and Bhutan look like the strongest contenders to me.

#49
geomancer

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How about San Marino? Founded in 301 AD and apparently unconquered until this day. Axis forces did cross its borders in WW2, but that was when they were on the retreat...

San Marino is the world's oldest republic, but presumably its territory once formed part of the Roman Empire. Even after its establishment as an independent Christian commune, it was occupied for brief periods, including in 1503 by Cesar Borgia and in 1739 by Cardinal Giulio Alberoni.

#50
geomancer

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Liberia - indiependent since settled by former American slaves but then it would fall in the same category as other colonized nations, wouldn't it?

The case for Liberia is a slender one. True, it was colonized by settlers from the USA, but unlike the European colonies in the "Scramble for Africa," Liberia was not a territory governed by the USA. It was founded as an independent nation composed of immigrant blacks and native African inhabitants. There was no military conquest.

On the other hand, the immigrant "Americo-Liberians" clearly dominated the politics of the new country, leading to internal tension with the natives. And the Americo-Liberians were themselves freed slaves, who had previously been a subject people in America.

The case is not obvious, but can't the native Liberians at least say that they and their ancestors have always enjoyed independence?




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